From the 4th century: Bantu-speaking groups settle, joining the indigenous San and Khoikhoi people.
1480s: Portuguese navigator Bartholomeu Dias is the first European to travel round the southern tip of Africa.
1497: Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama lands on Natal coast.
1652: Jan van Riebeeck, representing the Dutch East India Company, founds the Cape Colony at Table Bay.
Timeline of the Black/White conflict can be here
1795: British forces seize Cape Colony from the Netherlands. Territory is returned to the Dutch in 1803; ceded to the British in 1806.
1816-1826: Shaka Zulu founds and expands the Zulu empire, creates a formidable fighting force.
1835-1840: Boers leave Cape Colony in the ‘Great Trek’ and found the Orange Free State and the Transvaal.
1852: British grant limited self-government to the Transvaal.
1856: Natal separates from the Cape Colony.
Late 1850s: Boers proclaim the Transvaal a republic.
1867: Diamonds discovered at Kimberley.
1877: Britain annexes the Transvaal.
1878 – 79: British lose to and then defeat the Zulus
1880-81: Boers rebel against the British, sparking the first Anglo-Boer War. Conflict ends with a negotiated peace. Transvaal is restored as a republic.
Mid 1880s: Gold is discovered in the Transvaal, triggering the gold rush.
1890: Cecil John Rhodes elected as Prime Minister of the Cape
1893 – 1915: Mahatma Gandhi visits South Africa
1899 – 1902: South African (Boer) War British troops gather on the Transvaal border and ignore an ultimatum to disperse. The second Anglo-Boer War begins.
1902: Treaty of Vereeniging ends the second Anglo-Boer War. The Transvaal and Orange Free State are made self-governing colonies of the British Empire.
1909: South Africa Act
1910: Formation of Union of South Africa by former British colonies of the Cape and Natal, and the Boer republics of Transvaal, and Orange Free State.
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